Michael Moore has lost his appeal to overturn the R rating for his documentary Where to Invade Next.
The appeals board of the Classification & Ratings Administration made its ruling following a hearing that was attended by Moore.
Where to Invade Next was assigned the R rating for language (more than one use of the F-word), some violent images, drug use and brief graphic nudity (topless women). The film, a travelogue, explores how other countries deal with social and economic issues in comparison with the U.S.
Joan Graves, Chairman of the Classification and Rating Administration (a department of the MPAA) writes in a blog post:
As Chairman of the Classification and Rating Administration (CARA), which administers the
rating system, I was heartened to learn from a new Nielsen survey, commissioned by CARA, that the overwhelming majority of American parents are familiar with the rating system and find it helpful.
In fact, 80% of parents agree
that the rating system is accurate in its classification of movies. While they might not be as familiar with the rating descriptors that accompany the ratings, parents find them just as helpful, and even slightly more accurate in reflecting the content
of a movie.
CARA commissioned this Nielsen survey of 1,488 parents of children between 7 and 16 as part of our ongoing efforts to ensure we are being consistent and credible in reflecting the concerns of parents across the country
when we determine film ratings. The survey found that 99% of the parents were extremely, very or somewhat familiar with the rating system and 96% were in a similar overall range with regard to rating descriptors. Additionally, 93% said both the ratings
and accompanying descriptors were helpful tools with 79% saying the ratings were accurate.
Specifically in relation to movies parents would allow their children to see, the survey found that sexual content was the top concern
among parents (80%), followed by full male nudity (71%), use of hard drugs (70%), full female nudity (70%), graphic violence (64%) and use of the F-word (62%). The survey also showed that 53% of the parents believe the F-word appeared in PG-13
ratings too frequently, and only 26% felt that PG-13 would be an appropriate rating for a movie containing an F-word. While other words, which are commonly considered profane, were included in the survey, none reached the same level of concern
The results of the survey reinforce much of what we at CARA have known for a long time. Every year since the inception of the rating system, we have commissioned ORC International, a leading market research company,
to conduct surveys to determine the awareness and perceived usefulness of the rating system to parents. These surveys consistently show that the majority of parents are not only aware of our rating system and our descriptors, but that most find them
useful in deciding what movies are appropriate for their children. The most recent study found that 75% of those surveyed said the ratings are very or fairly useful. An even larger number, 85% found the descriptors that accompany the ratings to be very
or fairly useful.
Where to Invade Next is a 2015 USA documentary by Michael Moore. Starring Krista Kiuru, Michael Moore and Tim Walker.
To learn what the USA can gain from other nations, Michael Moore playfully
"invades" them to see what they have to offer.
Michael Moore is non to impressed by the MPAA R rating given to his latest documentary. Moore spoke of the R rating to Variety:
the parts of the film that prompted the MPAA's ruling. The violence in the picture includes footage of law enforcement officers beating Eric Garner, a Staten Island man whose death last year helped spark a wider debate about police brutality.
The drug use is related to a section in the film on Portugal's decision to decriminalize narcotics -- a move that some suggest has led to a reduction in substance abuse.
The language stems from the use of 'fuck'
by Icelandic citizens protesting the 2009 collapse of their banks.
And the nudity is a fleeting image of a naked man. That's from a vignette that shows how some Europeans are able to enjoy three weeks at a spa to treat stress
thanks to government-backed healthcare.
Moore said he will not edit the film, and has appealed to have the rating lowered to a PG-13.
I had the opportunity to see The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies Extended Edition during the special Fathom Events screening that was held nationwide last night, and while I can honestly say that I enjoyed the experience, it also left me
scratching my head.
With a running time of 164 minutes, the movie is 20 minutes longer than its theatrical predecessor, and as you might have guessed considering the original cut is 75% war scene, much of the additional footage is
battle-related. This includes dwarves charging into battles against orcs, wargs, and various other kinds of monsters with all kinds of weapons, including a ram-driven sled featuring scythe-covered wheels and a crank-operated arrow launcher.
As enemies are taken down, small splashes of black blood occasionally appear, and I'll admit that some of the deaths do rank on the gnarly scale, but the idea that it actually crosses any kind of line from PG-13 to R is entirely
ridiculous. The change truly suggests that the line between ratings is so thin that it might as well not even bother existing, and paints a perfect picture of the entire methodology's arbitrary nature.
Exists as a Theatrical Version and an extended version.
BBFC details are not yet published but in the US the Extended Version has a high MPAA R rating for some violence, compared with the Theatrical PG-13 rating for
extended sequences of intense fantasy action violence, and frightening images.
Extended version of the last of three epic instalments in director Peter Jackson's
prequel to 'The Lord of the Rings' trilogy. Set in Middle-Earth 60 years before events in 'The Lord of the Rings', the story follows the adventures of Hobbit Bilbo Baggins (Martin Freeman), who, at the instigation of the wizard Gandalf (Ian McKellen),
suddenly finds himself co-opted into joining a company of 13 Dwarves led by Thorin Oakenshield (Richard Armitage) to help reclaim the lost kingdom of the Lonely Mountain from the clutches of Smaug the dragon (voice of Benedict Cumberbatch). In this film,
Bilbo, Thorin and the other Dwarves have unintentionally released Smaug from the Lonely Mountain and endangered the residents of Lake-town. Bilbo has to make a difficult decision when Thorin puts his desire to find the royal jewel Arkenstone before his
loyalty to his friends. Meanwhile, Gandalf discovers that the evil Sauron has returned, commanding a horde of Orcs to attack the Lonely Mountain. Bilbo and his friends must fight for their survival as five armies meet in battle. The rest of the cast
includes Luke Evans, Cate Blanchett, Orlando Bloom, Evangeline Lilly and Christopher Lee.
The Young & Prodigious T.S. Spivet is a 2013 France / Canada family adventure drama by Jean-Pierre Jeunet. Starring Helena Bonham Carter, Robert Maillet and Judy Davis.
cut version was rated PG for thematic elements, language and some reckless behavior.
Thanks to Pooch who comments about the cuts to the UK 12/12A rated release
Towards the end of the film, the titular character does a
TV interview, whilst being manipulated by the lady who runs the Smithsonian Institute. In the original film, after the interview spectacularly fails, she calls Spivet You motherfucker , albeit at a distance, and from behind her, so you can't see
In the UK version, motherfucker has been dubbed quite well by the same actress, or at least someone who sounds very similar, with the immortal You melon-farmer!
If it weren't
for this, and two uses of the word fuck , which were all completely unnecessary and totally jarring, this would have been a PG-rated film, ideal for youngsters and families.
So it certainly sure that the film has been cut for a
US PG rating, maybe even adopting the UK version.
A 10-year-old cartographer secretly leaves his family's ranch in Montana where he lives with his cowboy father and scientist mother and travels
across the country on board a freight train to receive an award at the Smithsonian Institute.
Manglehorn is a 2014 USA drama by David Gordon Green. Starring Al Pacino, Holly Hunter and Chris Messina.
A strange and lonely man tries to come to terms with a past crime that cost
him the love of his life.
Originally rated R for some sexual material. The studio appealed to the CARA appeals board, and without cuts being required, the rating was reduced to PG-13 for some sexual content and language, and for
accident and surgery images.
Mortdecai is a 2015 USA action comedy by David Koepp. Starring Johnny Depp, Olivia Munn and Ewan McGregor.
Juggling some angry Russians, the British Mi5, his impossibly leggy wife and
an international terrorist, debonair art dealer and part time rogue Charlie Mortdecai must traverse the globe armed only with his good looks and special charm in a race to recover a stolen painting rumored to contain the code to a lost bank account
filled with Nazi gold.
An uncut version was originally MPAA rated R for some language and sexual material. A couple of months later the film was re-rated PG-13 for sexuality including references and innuendo, action/violence and brief
The MPAA commented that the PG-13 rated version was an edited version with content different from the R rated version.
The MPAA R rating is by definition suitable for at least older children, so unsurprisingly, there are severe restrictions on the depiction of sex. The Hollywood Reporter has been trying to define some of those restrictions.
The R rating can have
about 3 or 4 seconds of a scene where it is implied that sex is taking place, and even then the participants must be mostly clothed. The Hollywood Reports writes:
The difference between an R rating and an NC-17 often
hinges on the amount of in-and-out action, according to those familiar with the ratings process. Three or four seconds you can get away with, says one source. Linger on it for 30 or 40 seconds, and you're in NC-17 territory. And if a couple
is completely naked, forget about it (think of all those half-clad lovers you've seen on the big screen).
And as for oral sex, it's all about how long the scene lasts and how completely the implied action is obscured, Harvey Weinstein
successfully appealed the NC-17 given to Blue Valentine because of a scene in which Ryan Gosling's character performs oral sex on Michelle Williams'. A very vocal Gosling accused the MPAA of misogyny, saying there are countless R-rated movies in
which a male character receives oral sex.
Nudity is also largely verboten. Showing genitalia full-on (his or hers) almost guarantees an NC-17, unless it's a fleeting glimpse, as with Sharon Stone's crotch shot in Basic Instinct or Ben
Affleck's shower-entry scene in Gone Girl . Female breasts are R-friendly, of course, one recent example being Oscar-nominated Reese Witherspoon in Wild .
Sex within a monogamous relationship is much preferred by the moralist
censors. casual sex acts are judged more harshly by the MPAA, according to insiders who have been through the process. In other words, the ratings board looks more kindly on a sex scene when the characters are in a marriage or serious relationship.
(Same-sex interactions also get more scrutiny than heterosexual encounters.)
612Brew has changed the name of its most popular beer, Rated R , after receiving a legal challenge from bullies of the Motion Picture Association of America .
The Northeast Minneapolis craft brewer got a cease-and-desist letter from the MPAA
shortly after it filed to trademark the names of its signature beers a few months ago,
MPAA spokesbully Kate Bedingfield confirmed the film studio organization sent 612Brew such a letter.
612Brew co-founder Robert Kasak said the dispute
centered on the word rated , which the MPAA trademarked as a part of its film-rating brand:
[Our beer] could have been PG, PG-13 or R, Kasak said. It didn't matter. As long as it contained the word 'rated' it
would still get flagged.
The brewery argued that the two businesses were in completely different industries, to no avail. Ultimately, 612Brew decided to rename the beer Unrated , which is surprisingly not trademarked.
The change was effective Jan. 1.